Shares of giant U.S. corporations, or those with market capitalizations of $10 billion or more, are called large-cap stocks.

What exactly are big-cap stocks?

Stocks of large companies with a market capitalization of above $10 billion are referred to as large-cap stocks. Since they represent well-established companies with diversified international operations and a track record of consistent profit growth, these stocks are the cornerstone of many buy-and-hold portfolios.

In addition, companies have proven that they can weather market turbulence, and many of them give shareholders a dividend as a piece of their profit.

The list of large-cap stocks and some instances of the firms that issue them are shown below.

Microsoft (MSFT), Apple (AAPL), Amazon (AMZN), Alphabet (GOOGL), and Facebook are a few of the businesses that issue large-cap stocks (FB).

Motives for Buying Large-Cap Equities

The scale of large-cap stocks is one of the key benefits of investing in them. In addition, they become safer than small-cap enterprises since they are less likely to fail.

During a downturn in the business cycle, investors frequently swarm to large-cap equities. But, of course, these stocks aren’t immune to recessions; rather, it only indicates they can tolerate a slowdown without collapsing.

The drawback is that their stock prices might increase slowly. Since you already dominate the market, it takes time to expand swiftly. The majority of these businesses overlook their respective fields. They pay dividends to make up for their stagnant prices.

Small-Cap versus Large-Cap Equities

In the later years of the cycle’s expansion phase, large-cap companies typically outperform the market when the economy is snowballing. Investors now feel secure enough to purchase equities, and they choose large-cap firms with well-known brand names. In the early stages of the recovery, small-cap stocks—companies with market capitalizations between $300 million and $2 billion—perform better than the market.

Small businesses can make choices more quickly due to their minimal organizational structures. They can promptly alter their course to benefit from changes in the economy. As the business cycle enters the contraction phase, when they are more likely to go out of business, small-cap growth slows. They lack the assets and cash reserves needed to survive a downturn.


Like any other investment, there are some potential downsides to be aware of when investing in more extensive company stocks. For example, these stocks could be better for investors looking for a quick buy-and-sell win. Instead, they’re better suited for a buy-and-hold strategy. This involves buying shares and holding them over time, hoping their value increases.

This relates to another con, which involves the return profile of large-cap stocks. Generally, the more risk associated with a stock, the higher the return may be.


You might experience excessive profits differently than with equities of a different market cap because large-cap stocks are considered safer choices. Investing in them is more suitable if you want consistent returns and dividend income. Their size is another factor that may work against larger businesses. It could be challenging to reorganize or redesign their business model to change course internally. If it leads them to lose some of their competitive edges, it can disadvantage them in the market.